Nanotechnology approaches are widely used in the IAP to enhance and expand the performance, resource efficiency and application spectrum of both synthetic and biopolymer materials. Intrinsically nanostructured polymers, blends, and nanocomposites are new classes of materials in the plastics sector that not only make great advances in material adaptation and optimization, but also generate new properties. Polymeric nano-materials lead to highly reinforced or halogen-free flame-retardant components and fabrics, form the basis for adaptive and shape memory materials or essential components in display technology, sensor technology or optical measuring technology.
Polymeric nanoparticles and microparticles of uniform shape and size provide access to highly ordered pseudo-crystalline materials as well as tailored surface structures and properties. Nanoporous polymers are the basis for both electrical and thermal insulators and separation membranes and hollow fibers with optimized mass transfer or transport; they also allow the effective separation of nanoparticles.
Biological materials - such as tissue, blood cells or cell walls - provide numerous models for polymeric nanosystems and their use in the life sciences. Designed according to biological construction principles, polymeric nanomaterials are suitable, e.g. as mini reactors, for diagnostics, sensor layers or means of transport for (medical) active substances. Nanoscale polymer coatings and nanostructured surfaces can also be used to adjust and control interactions with biological material and organisms.
Since January 2018, the working group of the Center for Applied Nanotechnology CAN in Hamburg has strengthened the competences of the IAP, in particular in the field of synthesis, surface modification and analysis of nanoscale inorganic particles for applications in optoelectronics, electrocatalysis, life sciences and cosmetics.
Contact: Prof. Dr. Andre Laschewsky