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What is nanotechnology? - Applications

Fraunhofer Nanotechnology Alliance
 

Application fields nanotechnology
 

Examples

Nanoscale systems as thin films, nanocomposites or nanoparticles cover a wide range of applications from electronics, optics, biotechnology, surface refinement, catalysis etc. Some examples are shown in the following.

Modified nanoparticles can interact with living systems which is useful for bios ensing and finally therapeutic applications.

Figure: Reaction of cells after addition of TNF-modified silica nanoparticles (in red), Fraunhofer IGB

  Reaction of cells after addition of TNF-modified silica nanoparticles (in red), Fraunhofer IGB
Plate-like nanoclays are particularly useful in polymer composites in order to increase flame retardancy, diffusion barrier properties and thermal resistance. Here the dispersion and exfoliation are the most critical process steps in order to generate true nanoscale systems.

Figure: Perfectly exfoliated nanoclay composite based on organically modified bentonite, Fraunhofer IFAM

  Perfectly exfoliated nanoclay composite based on organically modified bentonite, Fraunhofer IFAM
Modern polymer chemistry can generate nanoscaled copolymers of different chemical composition for applications in coatings, latexes, biotechnology etc. The polymerization process as chemical tool determines the nanoscale architecture.

Figure: Grafted copolymers for multicompartment micelles, Fraunhofer IAP

  Grafted copolymers for multicompartment micelles, Fraunhofer IAP

 

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